At present the Department of Programme Implementation is the Administrative Department for 20-Point Programme. Originally, the department of Economic Coordination and 20-Point Programme was created in March, 1982 vide notification No.1/2/82/GC (2) /8365 dated 25 March, 1982 to perform the following functions by amending the Allocation of Business Rules, 1978:
What is 20-Point Programme ( TPP)
The 20-Point Programme, aimed at improving the quality of life of the poor and bringing them above the poverty line was originally announced by late Prime Minister of India Smt. Indira Gandhi in 1975. The programme was restructured on 14/1/1982 and then on 1/4/1986. It was again restructured w.e.f. 1/4/2007.
The Twenty Point Programme -2006 consists of 20-Points for the benefit of the rural and urban people. Its thrust is towards programmes for eradicating poverty and improving the quality of life of the poor and the under- privileged people all over the country. The programme covers various socio-economic aspects like poverty, employment, education, housing, health, agriculture, land reforms, irrigation, drinking water, protection and empowerment of weaker sections, consumer protection, environment, e-governance, etc.
Under this programme, 66 items/schemes (as per Annexure 'A' ) will be covered out of which 25 items/schemes (as per Annexure ‘B’) will be monitored on monthly basis. As per instructions of GOI, out of monthly monitored schemes the information for the schemes at Sl.No.6, 7, 12 and 25 will be supplied by the concerned Ministry of GOI to the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation directly .The remaining items/schemes will be monitored on annual basis. For the purpose of ranking the performance of States on monthly basis, 18 items/schemes have been identified (as per Annexure ‘C’).
Monitoring set up for TPP-2006
An effective monitoring system is a critical pre-condition for effective implementation. In fact, it provides the impetus and motivation for efficient and effective implementation. Keeping in view, the guidelines of the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation Govt. of India, the State Govt. has introduced 3-tier monitoring system i.e. State level, District level & Block level. These monitoring committees will review the implementation of the items under TPP-2006 holistically and suggest measures to remove constraints for speedy implementation of this programme.
The composition of State level, Distt.level and Block level Monitoring committees are as under:-
Monitoring Committee at District Level
The pattern as suggested by Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (GOI) for the formation of Monitoring Committee at District Level the District Planning & Development Boards already constituted by the State Govt. are similar.Therfore, the State Govt. has decided to entrust the monitoring of TPP-06 to the District Planning & Development Boards in the State for the effective implementation of this programme at district level.
Monitoring Committee at Block Level
1. District Development & Panchayat Officer : Chairman
of the Concerned District
2. All the Sarpanches of the Village Panchayats : Member
fall under the concerned Block
3. Block Development & Panchayat Officer : Member Secretary
of the concerned Block
The detail of schemes covered under TPP-06 is as under:-
National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (90:10)
The main objective of the ‘National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme’ is to enhance the livelihood security of the households in rural areas by providing at least hundred days of guaranted wage employment to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Under this scheme a rural household can demand at least 100 days guaranteed employment in a financial year. The Household has to get itself registered with the Gram Panchayat. Names of all the adult members can be registered. Gram Panchayat will issue a job card to the household. The funding pattern of this scheme is as under:-
Central Government Share
100% unskilled wage component of the cost of the scheme. Seventy five percent of the material component including the wages of skilled and semi skilled workers. Administrative expenses such as salary and allowance of programme officer and their supporting staff and capacity building of Gram Panchayats etc.
State Government Liability
Twenty five percent of the material component including the wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers of the scheme. Unemployment allowance payable under the provisions of the Act.Administrative expenses of the State Council.
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was passed by Parliament in September 2005. The scheme was launched in Punjab on 2nd February 2006 and initially only district Hoshiarpur was selected. Vide notification dated 26-3-2007 Government of India has decided to cover three more districts namely Amritsar, Nawanshaher and Jalandhar under NREGA during 2007-08. Since it is a demand driven scheme, the targets under this scheme are not specified. All the districts of the State are to be covered within five years as per national policy. State Share of Rs. 500.00 lac was approved for this scheme for the Annual Plan 2006-07 against which an expenditure of Rs. 323.39 lac has been incurred. An outlay of Rs. 60000.00 lac has been provided for the 11th Five Year Plan and Rs. 3000.00 lac for the Annual Plan 2007-08 as State share under this scheme.
Swaran Jayanti Gram Swa-Rozgar Yojana (75:25)
‘Swaran Jayanti Gram Swa-Rozgar Yojana’ scheme is being shared between the Centre and the State on 75:25 basis. The objective of SGSY is to bring the assisted poor families (Swa-Rozgaris) above the poverty line in three years by providing them income-generating assets through a mix of bank credit and subsidy. It is a holistic programme covering all aspects of self-employment such as organization of the rural poor into self help groups, training, planning of activity clusters, infrastructure build up, technology, credit and marketing. In establishing the micro enterprises, the emphasis under SGSY is on the cluster approach. For this 4-5 key activities will be identified for each block based on resources, occupational skills of the people and availability of markets. The major key activities are bee keeping, handloom, dairy, poultry, sewing, knitting and embroidery etc.
SGSY is a credit-cum-subsidy programme, subsidy under the programme will be uniform at 30% of the project cost, subject to a maximum of Rs. 7500/-. In respect of SCs, however this will be 50% and Rs. 10,000/- respectively. For a group of Swa-rozgaris (SHGs), the subsidy would be 50% of the cost of the scheme subject to a ceiling of Rs. 1.25 lac. Loans will be arranged by the DRDAs from the banks. Under this scheme, 50% assistance is required to be provided to the SCs, 40% to women and 3% to the handicapped. This scheme was admitted in the year 1999-2000. An outlay of Rs. 5250.00 lac as State share was provided for the 10th Five Year Plan against which an expenditure of Rs. 930.74 lac has been incurred. 34963 Swa-rozgaries were covered under this scheme during 10th plan period. An outlay of Rs. 2800.00 lac for the 11th Five Year Plan and Rs. 400.00 lac for Annual Plan 2007-08 has been provided as State share. About 38,500 Swa-rozgaries will be covered under this scheme during 11th Five Year Plan and 7684 during Annual Plan 2007-08.
Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (75:25)
The two schemes namely ''Employment Assurance Scheme'' and ''Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana'' have been merged into one scheme namely ''Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana''. The objectives of the SGRY are to provide additional wage employment in the rural areas and also food security, along-side the creation of durable community, social and economic assets and infrastructure developments in these areas such as soil and moisture conservation works, watershed development, promoting of traditional water resources, afforestation and construction of village infrastructure and link roads, primary school buildings, civil dispensaries, veterinary hospitals, marketing infrastructure and Panchayat Ghars etc.
From the year 2004-05, this programme is being implemented as one integrated scheme by all the three Panchayati Raj Institutions. The resources are distributed in 20:30:40 ratio among the Zila Parishads, Panchayat Samities and Gram Panchayats. The programme is self-targeting in nature and is available for all the rural poor (BPL/APL) who are in need of wage employment and are willing to take up manual/unskilled work. Under the scheme, 5 Kg of food-grains (in kind) will be distributed as part of wages per manday. The remaining part of the wages will be paid in cash to ensure notified minimum wage.
An outlay of Rs. 15625.00 lac was provided as State share in the 10th Five Year Plan against which an expenditure of Rs. 6814.89 lac has been incurred. 196.09 lac mandays of employment was generated under this scheme during 10th Five Year Plan period. The State share for this scheme was earmarked under district plan during 2006-07. An outlay of Rs. 10000.00 lac has been provided for the 11th Five Year Plan and Rs. 3300.00 lac for Annual Plan 2007-08 under this scheme to meet State share. The districts covered under National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme (NREGA) are automatically taken out of the purview of this scheme. There is a target to generate 1300 lac mandays of employment during 11th Five Year Plan and 86 lac mandays during Annual Plan 2007-08 under SGRY and NREGA collectively.
Rural Housing - Indira Awaas Yojana (75:25)
This is a 75:25 sharing basis centrally sponsored scheme being executed between Centre and State. Previously it was a sub-scheme of JRY but from 1996-97 onwards, it has been made an independent scheme which aims at providing houses to the members of SCs and Non-SCs free of cost in the rural areas. The houses under this scheme should normally be built on individual plots in the main habitation of the village, but can also be built on micro-habitat approach or in cluster within a habitation, so as to facilitate the development of infrastructure such as internal roads, drains, drinking water supply and other common facilities. A grant of Rs. 25000/- per unit is provided in the plain areas and Rs. 27,000/- in the hilly/difficult areas for construction of houses. For conversion of unserviceable kutcha houses into pucca/ semi pucca houses, the maximum assistance will be limited to Rs. 12,500/- per unit. All the dwelling units will be provided with smokeless chullas and sanitary latrines.
An outlay of Rs. 1800.00 lac was provided as State share during the 10th Five Year Plan against which an expenditure of Rs. 1446.05 lac has been incurred. 32279 houses were built/upgraded under this scheme during 10th five year plan (2002-07). An outlay of Rs. 7000.00 lac has been provided as State share during the 11th Five Year Plan and Rs. 1300.00 lac for Annual Plan 2007-08 under this district level Plan scheme to meet State share. The State share for 2006-07 has been earmarked under district plan. There is a target to construct 82,000 houses during 11th Five Year Plan and 16,362 houses during the Annual Plan 2007-08.
E W S Houses in Urban Areas
The State Government has not done much in regard to construction of houses for economically weaker sections. A sum of Rs. 1 crore has been earmarked for the current year. The Improvement Trusts and the Punjab Urban Development Authority construct houses in various schemes and some houses are earmarked for EWS category. The houses are sold to them at subsidized rates.
LIG Houses in Urban Areas
The State Government has not done much in regard to construction of houses for Low Income Group. A sum of Rs. 1 crore has been earmarked for the current year. The Improvement Trusts and the Punjab Urban Development Authority construct houses in various schemes and some houses are earmarked for LIG category. The houses are sold to them at subsidized rates.
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (100%CSS)
To expedite the coverage of problem villages and partially covered villages, Govt. of India provides funds on 100% basis under this programme. During 10th plan period, an expenditure of Rs.10670.13 lac was incurred and 600 NC, 355 PC and 119 other habitations were provided with water supply. During 11th plan, there is a target of 564 NC and 539 PC habitations to be provided with water supply. The target for Annual Plan 2007-08 is 150 NC and 125 PC.
Immunization of Children (100% CSS)
Under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) launched in the year 2005, Immunization programme is a separate component ‘C’. BCG, DPT and Polio are part of this component. These three components of immunization programme are covered under 20-Point Programme.
SC Families Assisted
Below poverty line families are being assisted to cross the poverty line under various on going schemes of the State Govt. Besides Special Component Plan, Special Central Assistance is also made available by the Govt. of India for Economic upliftment of below poverty line Scheduled caste families. The amount if utilised in conjunction with special Component Plan to enable the below poverty line scheduled castes to cross the poverty line. Commercially/economically viable ventures and training programmes with employment/self-employment potential are being funded to ensure that income generation is sufficient for crossing the poverty line by beneficiary and retaining this status on sustained basis.
Universalization of ICDS Scheme
Integrated Child Development Services is a 100% Centrally Sponsored scheme under which six services i.e. supplementary nutrition, pre-school education, immunization, Health check up , Health and Nutrition Education and referral services are provided to the Children in the age group of 0-6 years , pregnant women & lactating mothers.
Functional Anganwadis – (50:50)
Supplementary nutrition is proposed to the children below 6 years of age and to nursing and expectant mothers from low income group families and special attention is paid to the delivery of supplementary nutrition to the children below 3 years of age who are identified as severely malnourished. Under this scheme, approximately 70% scheduled castes beneficiaries are covered. An expenditure of Rs.8860.00 lac has been incurred during 10th Five Year Plan against an approved outlay of Rs.1000.00 lac. The norm is Rs.2.25 per child and Rs.2.50 per mother per day for 300 days in a year. For severely malnourished children, the norm is Rs3/- per child. An expenditure of Rs.4767.48 lac has been incurred during 2006-07 with which 1118886 beneficiaries have been covered. The number of beneficiaries has increased on account of revision in instructions where in the condition of BPL families for mothers has been removed, and all children are to be covered where as earlier only about 50% children were covered. Government of India has decided to reimburse the 50% share of the actual expenditure incurred on Supplementary Nutrition by the State from the financial year 2005-06. Cabinet has approved opening up of 2691 new anganwadi centers and new 6 ICDS blocks in the State. 4 Rural (Bhagta Chak, Raikot, Sujjanpur, and Dorangala) and 2 urban Projects (Ludhiana and Amritsar) have been operationalized. There is a target to cover 1, 73,460 new beneficiaries in 2691 new anganwadi centers under this scheme. An amount of Rs.30000.00 lac has been provided for 11th Five Year Plan and Rs.5566.00 lac for 2007-08 for this purpose.
No. of Urban poor families assisted under seven point charter viz.land tenure,housing at affordable cost, water, sanitation, health, education, and social security:-
Under Seven Point Charter urban poor families are assisted by providing them facilities for land ‘tenure, housing at affordable cost, water, sanitation, health, education, and social security through the following schemes:-
a)Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP) (GOI: GOP: MC’s: 50:20:30)
Two towns of the State viz. Amritsar and Ludhiana have been selected for funding under Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP)
b) Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) (GOI: GOP: ULBs: 80:10:10
All MC’s/Corporations are covered under this scheme except Ludhiana and Amritsar.
(a) Area covered under Plantation on – Public and Forest Lands
(b) Number of Seedlings Planted on – Public and Forest Lands
Rural Roads (PMGSY)-100% CSS
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana, a 100% centrally sponsored scheme, was launched in the country by the Government of India in December 2000, 50% of the cess on High Speed Diesel (HSD) is earmarked for the programme. Under this scheme, first link (connectivity) is to be provided to all connected habitations having population 500 or more in the rural areas by the year 2007. Approximately 42000 Kilometers of rural linked roads connecting the villages and marketing yards are being looked after by Government of Punjab from its own resources and under PMGSY. As per the guidelines of PMGSY, the identified Core Network of 7487 Kilometers needs to be upgraded, which requiring Rs.120000.00 lac approximately. The expenditure incurred during 10th Plan was Rs. 20591.00 lac. In the Annual Plan 2006-07 the expenditure incurred was Rs. 7113.90 lac.
Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana
This scheme has a provision for release of 4, 04,923 connections to Rural house-holds including 1, 48,858 nos to Below Poverty Line (BPL) house-holds. The detailed Project Reports of all the then 17 nos districts of amounting to Rs. 16485.00 lac stand submitted to REC during the year 2005-06. But, only one scheme for Firozpur District stand sanctioned and in principle, approval to the remaining 16 nos schemes also stands accorded. Now, a letter has been received from the REC that no funds have been allocated against RGGVY scheme to the State of Punjab and as such, works may not be taken in hand.There are certain pre-requisites attached with the scheme. Out of these, all pre-requisites except, the following stands fulfilled:-
Deployment of franchise for revenue collection.
GIS mapping of the area covered under the scheme.
Sincere efforts were made by the PSEB regarding these 2 pre-requisites but these have not been fulfilled so far. Therefore, in order to expeditiously release connections to the rural house-holds including BPL families, these pre-requisites need to be relaxed. The scheme is yet to be started.
Punjab is contributing about 60% of food grains to the Central pool. This has only been possible by making water facility available to the farmers of the State by providing them electricity to run to their tube wells / pumpsets for Irrigation purposes. The major component of Irrigation is being met by electricity driven pumpsets.
Status & Monitoring