The Department of Planning deals with all matters relating to the formulation, follow up, appraisal and readjustment of Annual Plans and Five Year Plans; and sub-plans for sub-montaneous, bet, border and other special areas. The department conducts business on all matters relating to coordination of Plans of the Administrative Departments besides all matters pertaining to the Planning Commission, Government of India. The Department of Planning is also responsible for collection, compilation analysis and interpretation of Economic and Statistical data and coordination of Statistical activities of various departments in the State. The Department of Planning has two wings i.e. Punjab State Planning Board and Economic & Statistical Organization, Punjab.
Rules of Business
As per Business Rules 2007, (with subsequent amendments) the Department of Planning has to conduct the business on the following subjects:-
(B) ECONOMIC AND STATISTICAL ORGANISATION
Schemes Administered by Department of Planning
The Department of Planning is discharging the functions as Administrative Department mainly in respect of the following schemes under the Head “Secretariat Economic Services” and District Plan:-
The Punjab State Planning Board (PSPB) oversees the implementation of Border Area Development Programme in the six Border districts of Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Gurdaspur,Pathankot, Fazilka and Ferozepur for which 100% Special Central Assistance is received from the Govt. of India. The programme aims at meeting the special needs of the people living in remote/inaccessible areas situated near the border.
Planning Commission has launched a new initiative for Backward districts under BRGF. District Hoshiarpur has been selected for this programme. The Department of Rural Development and Panchayats is acting as a nodal department for the implementation of BRGF.
In order to achieve optimum utilization of meager resources and also to ensure
peoples' participation at the grass root level, the concept of decentralized planning was introduced in the State a
way back in the 1984-85. Accordingly the District Planning and Development Boards were set up in Punjab in 1987. But the
actual work of district planning was started in the year 1990-91, when the schemes and programmes of concerned
Administrative Departments, which could be better implemented, supervised and coordinated at the district level were
decentralised. Accordingly, the District Planning and Development Board headed by a Cabinet Minister/State Minister as
Chairman/Vice Chairman have been constituted at the district level to supervise/monitor the work of district planning. All
sitting MLAs of the districts, Chairman Zila Parishad, 12 non-official members including one ex-serviceman, one sarpanch or
samiti member or Zila Parishad member from the Block, mayor of Municipal Corporations and one or two presidents of class
‘B’ and ‘C’ Municipal Councils have been nominated as members of the
Board. These Boards have full power to efficiently and cost effectively implement the district level schemes and also
identify areas and groups of people, which needs special attention for equitable socio-economic growth. In compliance
with the provision of Article 243ZD of the 74th Constitutional Amendment, 1992, District Planning Committees(DPCs) are
mandatory to be constituted in each state of the country for the purpose of preparing a Draft District Development Plan at
the grass root level. The Punjab District Planning Committees Act, 2005 was enacted to provide for the constitution of the
District Planning Committees with a view to consolidate the plans prepared by the Panchayats and the Municipalities in the
districts and to prepare the draft development plans for the districts as a whole in the state. The Punjab District Planning
Committees Procedure of Transaction of Business Rules were also notified in 2006. The revised guidelines for holding
elections for electing 4/5th members of the District Planning Committees from amongst the elected members of Zila Parishads
and Urban Local Bodies were issued to all the districts in 2008. The rules of DPC has already been notified by the State
Government vide notification dated 25th July, 2006.
The Department of Planning allocates funds to various Administrative Departments like Health, Social Security and Welfare, Welfare of SCs & BCs, Education,, Animal Husbandry etc. for providing assistance to Mother NGO-SOSVA(N) and other field NGOs which are engaged in improving the lot of people of the State.
The Department of Planning provides grant-in-aid to Research Institutions like Institute for Development and Communication (IDC) and Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development (CRRID) to promote research activities in the State. A sum of Rs. 5 Cr ( 1 Cr as ACA during 2003-04 and Rs. 4 Cr during 2006-07 and 2007-08) given to IDC for creation of Corpus Fund. A sum of Rs. 5.00 Cr. stands released to CRRID for creation of Corpus Fund during 2006-07 and 2007-08. During 2012-13, the Planning Department had provided grant of Rs. 1.00 Cr to CRRID on the non- plan side, against the grant received from Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR).
The State Govt. decided to launch a special project namely ‘Punjab Nirman Programme’ for improving the living conditions of people of Punjab living in rural and urban areas and to address their felt developmental needs more effectively at the grass root level in consultation with the local area representatives during 2005-06. The process of re-allocation of funds between the Departments and from one scheme to another being complicated and time consuming, it has been decided to provide the funds at the District level for expeditious identification, and execution of essential works relating to different Departments. This will not only expedite the fulfillment of the felt needs of the people but will also ensure the participation of the elected representatives of the people at grass-root level and encourage decentralisation and delegation, in the Planning process. This programme does not intend to replace ongoing schemes of various Departments which will go on unabated. Works under this programme will complement and supplement the regular schemes of the Departments and will help expediting their implementation.
Punjab State Planning Board
With the growing multiplicity of Governmental functions and increasing size of the developmental plans, It was essential that resources were utilized in the most productive manner, whether in economic or social terms. A review of the economic development in the last two decades revealed grave growth distortions and sectoral as well as area imbalance. Planning had been the part-time activity of a Government Department. The absence of an adequately equipped Apex Planning Body in the State had led to the deterioration of developmental strategy into a mere aggregation of developmental thinking in which projects and programmes were prepared by concerned Departments, and the Planning Department had occupied itself with the pruning of their proposals to fit into the overall size of the State Plan.
The Punjab State Planning Board(PSPB) was created vide State Govt. Notification dated 27.9.1972 after a decision taken by the Punjab Government on 13.9.1972. The creation of Punjab State Planning Board was done on the recommendation of the Planning Commission with a view to have an apex Planning Body consisting of subject matter specialists and technical experts in the form of a Board or a Commission to strengthen the departmental machinery responsible for the formulation of development plans in the State.
The State Government has issued Notifications from time to time regarding constitution of the Punjab State Planning Board.The State Planning Board functions as Advisory Body and makes recommendations to the State Government. The Punjab State Planning Board functions as the Department of Planning at the Secretariat level and issues advice to other Administrative Departments of the State Government. The Punjab State Planning Board was created with a view to attract central assistance in the form of normal central assistance, additional central assistance, special central assistance etc. for plan programmes of the State from the Planning Commission, Government of India and the staff posted in the State Planning Board is doing this work as an administrative department at Secretariat level .
The Punjab State Planning Board works under the overall guidance of the State Government and is headed by the Hon’ble Chief Minister, Punjab as an Ex-Officio Chairman. The State Government can appoint Vice Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson as per the requirements.The other Ex-Offico members include all ministers, all MPs, Chairmen of Advisory Commitees to Chief Minister, Chief Secretary, Principal Secretary Finance and Principal Secretary to Chief Minister. Besides Non -Official Members can be appointed as per requirement. Principal Secretary Planning or Secretary Planning is the Member Secretary of the Punjab State Planning Board. As per the Notification dated 11/04/2002 and subsequent notifications, the constitution of the Board till 11/04/2007 is as follows :
(i) Formulation of Plans
The main activity of the Punjab State Planning Board(PSPB) is formulation of Annual Plans as well as Five Year Plans. The work for the formulation of development plan proposals is initiated in the months of September-November by holding bilateral discussions with the various Administrative Departments of the State Government. The motive of these discussions is to prioritize the development activities and to assess the need based demands of the departments to implement the plan programmes in the State. On the basis of these discussions and also keeping in view the availability of resources provided by the Department of Finance, a consolidated plan is placed before the Members of the Punjab State Planning Board, so that consolidated proposals may be put up to the State Government for approval. A final plan document is prepared by the Department of Planning and same is placed in the Punjab Vidhan Sabha alongwith the Budget document.
(ii) Budget Speech
Budget speech from the plan side is prepared in the Department of Planning every year and all the plan priorities of the next financial year approved by the Punjab State Planning Board, State Government and NITI Aayog are included in this speech. This speech is delivered by the Hon’ble Finance and Planning Minister, Punjab in the Punjab Vidhan Sabha at the time of presentation of budget.
(iii) Clearance and Implementation
From the very beginning of the economic development planning in the State, the main activity of PSPB had been the clearance of Plan schemes of various Administrative Departments implemented in the State every year. But , now in line with the changed economic scenario, the role of the PSPB has been vitalized. From the only work of clearance of Plan schemes subject to the budgeted outlay during the course of the year, PSPB has gradually moved towards the actual implementation and monitoring of plan. The PSPB is concerned with the downsizing of the need based plan to resource specific plan in the form of core plan even shadow plan.
(iv) Maintaining liaison with the Planning Commission, GOI
NITI Aayog has been established in place of Planning commission as per resolution of central cabinet. As per decisions taken by the Governing Council of NITI Aayog , 3 sub-groups of Chief Ministers on i) Rationalisation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes ii) Skill Development in India and iii) Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan have been constituted who will finalize their recommendations and submit to NITI Aayog. Besides, this 2 task forces i.e. i) Poverty Elimination and ii) Agriculture Development were also constituted. The states were also asked to form such task forces at the state level. These task forces have been constituted to formulate a long term strategy for elimination of poverty and strengthening of agriculture in the state. A Project Monitoring Group has also been constituted under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Punjab to set up mechanism for monitoring of important projects in the state.
(v) Review of plan expenditure and finalization of Revised Estimates.
The exercise of mid year review of plan expenditure is carried out in the PSPB. A memorandum on the basis of plan performance received from various departments is prepared for information of CMM. After this review of mid year plan performance and state resources as pegged by the FD, accordingly, revised estimates are prepared for final implementation of the plan programmes.
Economic and Statistical OrganizationIntroduction
With the advent of the era of economic planning and development, the State Govt.
created a statistical office headed by the Economic & Statistical Advisor in 1949 to cater to the statistical needs of
the state. The Board of Economic inquiry too became a part and parcel of this office in 1953.Similarly, Board of Economic
inquiry/bureau of Economic and Statistics was created in 1949/1950 in erstwhile Pepsu State. With the merger of Punjab
and Pepsu in 1956,the present Economic & Statistical Organisation (E.S.O) came into being. With the passage of time and
extention of more developmental and planned activities, the E.S.O. was strengthened.
The Organisation is headed by Economic Adviser who is assisted by
Directors, Joint Directors, Deputy Economic and Statistical Advisers, Research Officers and Assistant Research Officers. All
the Directors and Joint Directors work directly under the guidance and supervision of Economic Adviser.
Contact Persons: Head Office
District Offices (Incharge) :
(i) Statistical Abstract of Punjab
The Statistical Abstract of Punjab, is an annual budget document and is presented to the Hon’ble members of Punjab Vidhan Sabha alongwith other Budget documents. It highlights nature, extent and trend of various socio-economic aspects of Punjab. It is the only document which presents the comparable series of statistical data in a consolidated form. It is extensively used by administrators, policy makers, researchers and various other Govt. and non-govt. institutions. It is available on Punjab Govt. website at www.punjab.gov.in.
(ii) Economic Survey
Economic Survey is also a budget document and is presented before State Assembly alongwith other budget documents. It presents analytical view of various sectors of State Economy alongwith its problems & prospects. It is available on Punjab Govt website at www.punjab.gov.in.
(iii) State Income Estimates
State Income Estimates which are important indicators measuring the growth of the economy are prepared regularly on annual basis both at current and constant prices.(Base 1999-2000).
(iv) Preparation of Consumer Price Index Numbers for the working class
This Organisation prepares Consumer Price Index Numbers for working class every month for providing relief to them to neutralise the adverse effect of rising prices on their income. Consumer Price Index Numbers for six selected centres viz. Abohar, Bathinda , Dhariwal, Nangal, Patiala and Phagwara are prepared and issued every month.
(v) Plan Evaluation
This Organisation undertakes evaluation studies regarding plan programmes and schemes to identify
bottlenecks in their implementation for taking necessary corrective measures.Since its inception from 1964, 184 evaluation
studies have been conducted.
(vi) Field Operation
This section collects, compiles and presents village level micro data of the state. Information on around 187 items related to basic amenities, facilities & Socio-economic profile of each of village is collected every year. It is presented at website (www.punjab.gov.in) also for its wider utility. A Statistical personnel (Investigator) is posted at each of the block who collects this village level information which is sent to state head quarter through Distt. level offices for its compilation & presentation.
(vii) Human Development Report of Punjab
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been estimating the development indices at the national level annually. These indices are meant to capture development and well being of the people. The state Govt. of Punjab has brought out the first Human Development Report on UNDP pattern with the assistance of Planning Commission, Govt. of India, as a part of its commitment to development. This report has brought out some important Human Development achievements as well as certain areas of concern, It mainly covers the problems and prospects of economy, health, education, women and children, dalits, migrant labour and agriculture. This report has been released on 16th November, 2004 by the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Punjab Capt. Amarinder Singh.
Under Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) each Member of Parliament can recommend works requiring expenditure of capital nature such as construction of school buildings, community halls, library buildings, roads, hospitals etc to the Deputy Commissioner of the respective district as per jurisdiction of the works. Economic & Statistical Organisation, Punjab is Nodal Agency for monitoring the progress of the work done under MPLADS.
(ix) Economic Census
Economic Census a complete count of all the enterprises located within the geographical boundaries of the country, is got conducted by the Govt. of India. Central Statistical Organisation is the nodal agency at the All India level whereas State Statistical Departments are the nodal agencies at the State level. In Punjab, Economic & Statistical Organisation is the nodal agency to carry out this census work. For 5th Economic Census in Punjab, an independent section at State Head Quarter has been created.
This section imparts training to statistical personnel to make them conversant with the latest statistical terminology of subjects like Statistics, Economics, Mathematics. This section has imparted training to 70 batches.
(xi) District Statistics
The District Statistical offices in the State are headed by Deputy Economic & Statistical
Adviser. Dy.ESAs play pivotal role in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of the district plan schemes. District
Planning Boards are headed by the Ministers, who are assisted by the Dy.ESA’s in the preparation of agenda notes for
the meetings of the District Planning Boards and also provide necessary secretarial assistance.
Member Parliament Local Area Development
20-Point Programme was first announced by the late Prime Minister Smt.Indira Gandhi in July, 1975. The Focus of the Programme was on Social Justice. The Programme aimed at providing better living conditions for the poor and less privileged section of society. The Programme was restructured in 1982 then in 1986 with a view to emphasis and revitalize it. The Programme laid emphasis on poverty alleviation and improvement in the quality of life of the poor people. The Govt. of India has again restructured the 20-Point Programme w.e.f. 1-4-2007. Out of the Original 20-Points, 10 Points are not being implemented and Monitored by Govt. of India. The remaining 10 Points are implemented through 19 items/programmes. In the State of Punjab, 9 points are implemented through 15 items/Programmes. The Govt. Of India has taken into account 12 items for ranking the performance of State’s where as in Punjab 9 items are taken into account for ranking.